Paper 1     |     Paper 2


1. Time allowed: one hour

2. Write your answers briefly and clearly ON THE QUESTION SHEET in the space provided.

3. Put in dates where you can, even if they are only approximate.

4. The papers and invigilation certificate should be sent by the first available post to: A.H.M. Thompson, Esq., 1 Mount Pleasant, London Road, Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, HA1 3LT

1. Who, or what, were the following?

a) Sutton Hoo.

b) Witan 

c) Scutage 

d) Villein 

e) Stone of Destiny 

f) Heraldry 

g) Harrying of the North 

h) Duelling 

i) Spinning Jenny 

j) Elgin Marbles 

k) Crystal Palace 

l) The Ultra Secret 

2. Identify the following Prime Ministers from these nicknames:

a) Little p

b) The Iron Duke 

c) Lord Pumicestone 

d) Dizzy 

e) The Welsh Wizard 

f) Super Mac 

3. Answer the following questions.

a) Deva was the Roman name for which English city?

b) Who defeated Henry III at the battle of Lewes in 1264, but was defeated and killed at the battle of Evesham in the following year?

c) What was the name given to followers of the 14th century religious reformer, John Wyclif?

d) What London building was described in 1598 as ‘a citadel to defend the city … a royal palace … a prison of state for the most dangerous offenders, the only place of coinage … the armoury … the treasury of the ornaments and jewels of the crown.’?

e) Who was the nephew of Charles I and leader of the royalist cavalry in the Civil War?

f) What did James II fling into the Thames river when he fled in 1688, hoping its disappearance would bring government to a standstill?

g) Who was born in Germany, but became a famous musician in 18th century London, composing Messiah and over forty operas?

4. Answer the following questions on the monarchy in Britain.

a) Which legendary king was supposed to have been born at Tintagel and buried at Glastonbury Abbey?

b) Who was the first English king to convert to Christianity?

c) Who ruled from 924 to 939 and some argue was the first king of all England?

d) Which dynasty ruled England from 1154 to 1399?

e) Who was Edward I’s Queen, commemorated in a series of twelve stone crosses after her death?

f) Which king did Francis I of France meet at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520?

g) Who was Henry VIII’s fifth wife? 

h) Pubs called ‘The Royal Oak’ are so named in memory of an incident involving which king?

i) Which 18th century king was the last to lead his troops into battle?

j) Who ruled from 1760 to 1820 and is the longest-serving king in British history

k) The oldest monarch to become king did so in 1830, aged 64.  Who was he?

l) Which king was the father of the present Queen? 

5. For what are the following famous in history?

a) Joan of Arc

b) Sir Francis Walsingham

c) Sir Walter Raleigh

d) Samuel Pepys

e) Judge George Jeffreys

f) Richard Arkwright

g) Josiah Wedgwood

h) Adam Smith

i) Charles Wesley

j) Grace Darling

k) Elizabeth Fry

l) Karl Marx

m) W.G. Grace

n) Patrick Pearse

o) Mahatma Gandhi

p) Fidel Castro

6. Who were the winners of the following battles?

a) Edington, 878

b) Maldon, 991

c) Hastings, 1066

d) Bannockburn, 1314

e) Towton, 1461

f) Flodden, 1513

g) Naseby, 1645

h) Culloden Moor, 1746

7. With what do you associate the following dates?

a) 753 B.C.

b) 1086

c) 1215

d) 1485

e) 1603

f) 1815

8. Identify what each of the following groups have in common.

a) Atrebates, Brigantes, Iceni

b) Housesteads, Birdoswald, Chesters

c) Robert Catesby, Guy Fawkes, Thomas Winter

d) Hatfield, Longleat, Hardwick

e) George Romney, Thomas Gainsborough, Sir Joshua Reynolds

f) Maximilien Robespierre, Georges Danton, Jean-Paul Marat

g) Sir Charles Barry, Augustus Pugin, Sir George Gilbert Scott

h) Emmeline Pankhurst, Emily Davison, Christabel Pankhurst

9. Why have the following streets in London been famous in their time?

a) Pudding Lane

b) Drury Lane

c) Downing Street

d) Cato Street

e) Fleet Street

10.  Answer the following questions.

a) What ancient structure in Rome was over 2000 feet in length, was originally designed for chariot-racing and could seat over 200,000?

b) What reduced the population of Europe by between one third and one half during the years 1348 to 1351?

c) Which 16th century naval battle was the largest naval engagement until the First World War?

d) Which building first became a royal palace in the reign of Henry VIII and was later the place where a religious conference was held in the reign of James I?

e) Founded in 1660, it is the oldest surviving scientific body in the world.  What is it?

f) What structure dividing a European city was begun in 1961, eventually extended over 90 miles and began to be dismantled in 1989?

11.  What do you associate with the following places and dates?

a) Salem, Massachusetts, 1692-1693

b) Scutari, Istanbul, 1854-1855

c) Sarajevo, Bosnia, 1914

d) Wall Street, New York, 1929

e) Dunkirk, France, 1940

12. In this multiple choice question, ring or underline the answer which is correct.

a) The members of which Highland clan were victims of the Glencoe Massacre in 1692?

(i) Stewarts  (ii) Macdonalds  (iii) Campbells

b) Who was the first Labour Prime Minister of Britain in 1924?

(i) Clement Attlee  (ii) Ramsay Macdonald  (iii) Keir Hardie

c) Who discovered the first anti-biotic drug (penicillin) in the 1930s?

(i) Sir Alexander Fleming  (ii) William Harvey  (iii) Sir Edwin Chadwick

d) Which American President agreed to the use of the atomic bomb in 1945?

(i) Richard M. Nixon  (ii) Dwight D. Eisenhower  (iii) Harry S. Truman

e) Who became the first man to set foot on the moon, in 1969?

(i) Yuri Gagarin  (ii) Michael Collins  (iii) Neil Armstrong

13. Great Speeches of the 20th century:  who spoke these words?

a) … we shall fight on the beaches … we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills;  we shall never surrender…  (Westminster, 1940)

b) Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and the success of liberty.  (Washington, 1961)

c) I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal.  (Washington, 1963)

d) I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities.  It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve.   But if needs be it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.  (at his trial in South Africa, 1964)

2009   Paper 1

The Townsend-Warner
Preparatory Schools History Prize

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