Paper 1     |     Paper 2


1. Answer all questions.

2. It may be possible to write answers which overlap (i.e. to write about the same subject twice). This should be avoided.

Scripts will be penalised if there is a repetition of material.

3. The time allowed is TWO HOURS.  Marks will be allocated as follows:

Question 1 – 30 marks (15 marks each)

Question 2 – 25 marks

Question 3 – 20 marks

Question 4 – 25 marks

4. Please send this paper by first-class post after it has been done to:

A.H.Beadles,Chaff Barn, Downyard, Compton Pauncefoot, Yeovil, Somerset.  BA22 7EL. Tel: 01963 440461.  e-mail:

Please enclose a formal certificate stating that the timetable was properly observed and proper invigilation provided.  Candidates whose papers are sent without this certificate are liable to disqualification.

Use the time appropriately.

1. Write fully on TWO of the following:


The Capture of Gibraltar (1704)


The South Sea Bubble (1720)

Hadrian’s Wall

Bonnie Prince Charlie (1720-1788)

King Alfred (849-901)

Lancelot ‘Capability’ Brown (1716-1783)

Iona and St Columba

Robert Clive and India

Edward the Confessor (1003-1066)

Rotten Boroughs

The sons of William I

William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806)

The Third Crusade (1190)

The Battle of the Nile (1798)

The Loss of Normandy (1204)

The first Railway Locomotives

St Francis of Assisi (1181-1226)

Napoleon and the Invasion of Russia in 1812

Edward I’s Castles in Wales

Ludwig von Beethoven (1770-1827)

The Battle of Bannockburn (1314)

The Abolition of Slavery (1833)

Marco Polo (1254-1324)

The Great Western Railway

The influence of John Wycliffe (1329-1384)

The Great Famine in Ireland (1845-6) – its results

Edward, The Black Prince (1330-1376)

Prince Albert (1819-1861)

Richard II and Henry IV

The Crimean War (1854-1856)

The Princes in the Tower

William Gladstone as Prime Minister

Christopher Columbus (1451-1506))

Karl Marx (1818-1883)

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)

John Calvin (1509-1564)

Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910)

Henry VIII and Catharine of Aragon

Britain’s entry into the 1st World War in 1914

Thomas Cromwell (1485-1540)

The 1917 Russian Revolution

The reign of Mary Tudor (1553-1558)

The Treaty of Versailles (1919)

Elizabeth I’s early years as Queen

The Splitting of the Atom (1921)

John Hawkins and the English Navy

Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany (1933)

The Gunpowder Plot (1605)

Guernica and Pablo Picasso

Ship Money

The Fall of Singapore (1941)

The Trial and Execution of Charles I

D-Day (1944)

Oliver Cromwell and Ireland

The Berlin Airlift (1949)

The Royal Society – founded 1660

General de Gaulle (1890-1970)

The Flight of James II (1688)

The Korean War (1950-1953)

The Bill of Rights (1689)

The Suez Crisis (1956)

Peter the Great of Russia (1672-1725)

President Ronald Reagan (1911-2004)

2. You are an editor of a distinguished quality newspaper.  Imagine that you can write on any day in world history before 1970.  Choose your date and write it down. Choose your main story and write that down.  Then write TWO headlines for the story of not more than SIX words each.  Finally write the article for the front page reporting the story in suitable style with interesting detail.

3. EITHER: You are either a King or a Queen or a Prime Minister or a leader of another country.  Write an assessment of your reign or time in office one year before it ends.  Give the date and start with the word: ‘I…’ OR: If you have been involved in any investigation in local history or in family history, describe what you have found out, and say in what way it has helped you to appreciate wider historical issues.

4. Answer ONE of the following:  Write the letter and title clearly at the start of your essay.

a) An exhibition on the Emperor Hadrian has been held at the British Museum during 2008.  If you visited it, describe what you saw, and what it taught you about Hadrian and his influence in the Roman Empire.

b) Write an essay on ONE of the following titles:  the importance of the Roman army in the occupation of Britain from AD 43 to 409; the Kingdom of Wessex; the spread of Christianity in Britain before 1066.

c) Choose ONE of the Crusades.  Explain why it occurred, outline its course and assess its importance.

d) Write on ONE of the following:  the success of the Normans in England after 1066; the problems and achievements of Henry II; the Conquest of Wales by Edward I; the building of cathedrals in Medieval England; the impact of the Black Death on the course of English history; the Wars of the Roses.

e) How did ONE of the following change the history of warfare; the Longbow; the Musket; the Machine Gun; the Tank; the Atom Bomb?

f) Two of the great political documents of the world are Magna Carta and the American Declaration of Independence.  Choose ONE, explain why it was written and assess its importance on the political developments of the world.

g) What were the major reasons for the break with Rome in the reign of Henry VIII, and what were the consequences?

h) Why did the Spanish Armada of 1588 fail?

i) How and why did Oliver Cromwell become a figure of such importance in 17th century England?

j) Choose any great explorer or scientist or inventor, and outline his or her achievements and importance.

k) Write on the problems of ONE of the following monarchs and explain why he or she ended his or her days in violent death or exile – Richard III; Mary, Queen of Scots; Charles I; James II.

l) The year 2009 is the bicentenary of the birth of Charles Darwin.  Outline his career, and assess his achievements and importance.

m) Choose any poet, novelist or musician, working before the 20th century, who may have inspired you.  Explain why and write on his or her work and importance.

n) Choose any ONE great political figure or any great leader of industry from the 18th or 19th century.  Assess his or her achievements and importance.

o) An unusual Presidential Election occurred in the USA in 2008.  Choose ONE President of the USA before 1988, and explain why he came to power and what he achieved.

p) EITHER: Why did Germany lose the 1st World War (1914-1918) OR: Why did Germany lose the 2nd World War (1939-1945)?

q) Write on ONE of the following: Winston Churchill as a War leader; Joseph Stalin’s control of the USSR; the Cold War; the Six Day War; the Vietnam War; the Falklands War.

2009   Paper 2

The Townsend-Warner
Preparatory Schools History Prize

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