Paper 1     |     Paper 2


1. Time allowed: one hour

2. Write your answers briefly and clearly ON THE QUESTION SHEET in the space provided.

3. Put in dates where you can, even if they are only approximate.

4. The papers and invigilation certificate should be sent by the first available post to: A.H.M. Thompson, Esq., 1 Mount Pleasant, London Road, Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, HA1 3LT

1. Answer the following questions on famous individuals in world history.

a) Who was the ancient Greek poet thought to be the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey?

b) Who was the Roman slave who led a rebellion in A.D. 73?

c) Who was the warlord who founded the Mongol Empire in the 13th century?

d) Which Italian painted Mona Lisa?

e) Who was the Austrian composer who was composing and playing by the age of six and by the time of his early death had composed over 600 works?

f) Who was the Russian ruler who founded a capital city on the Baltic 300 years ago?

g) Who was the inventor of dynamite who also established prizes in his own name?

h) Who was the Russian Communist leader murdered in Mexico in 1940?

2. Which English ruler ….?

a) Was the youngest son of William the Conqueror and seized the throne in 1100

b) Was known as ‘Coeur de Lion’

c) Died in 1216

d) Was defeated by the Scots at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314

e) Was king at the time of the Peasants’ Rebellion of 1381

f) Won the Battle of Agincourt in 1415

g) Married Philip II of Spain in 1554

h) Was executed in 1649

3. Match the Victorian writers on the right to the books on the left:

a) A Tale of Two Cities   &   Charles Dickens

b) Notes on Nursing   &   Arthur Conan Doyle

c) Through the Looking Glass   &   Rudyard Kipling

d). The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes   &   Lewis Carroll

e) The Jungle Book   &   Florence Nightingale

4. Answer the following questions on British military history.

a) Which of the three battles of 1066 came between those fought at Fulford and at Hastings?

b) What happened at the Battle of Halidon Hill in 1333?

c) ‘Flowers of the Forest’ is a bagpipe tune often played at military funerals, but was supposedly written to lament the death of the King of Scotland and thousands of his men at which 16th century battle?

d) In which war were the battles of Edgehill, Newbury and Lostwithiel?

e) In which battle of 1685 was the Duke of Monmouth defeated by the forces of his uncle, James II?

f) Which year, in the 1750s, was known as the ‘Year of Victories’ because of British military success at Quebec, Minden, Lagos and Quiberon Bay?

g) What happened at the Battle of Yorktown in 1781?

h) What hardwearing footwear was named after a famous British general?

i) In which battle in South Africa in 1879 were eleven Victoria Crosses awarded?

j) What, in World War One, was the codename of the ‘Trench Crossing Machine’?

5. Who or what were the following:

a) Druids

b) Beowulf

c) Maiden Castle

d) Book of Kells

e) Wergeld

f) Fosse Way

g) Princes in the Tower

h) Auld Alliance

i) Long Parliament

j) Levellers

k) Enclosure

l) Jacobites

m) Quakers

n) Tolpuddle Martyrs

o) Fenians

p) Old Contemptibles

q) Ultra Secret


6. Explain what happened on these important dates:

a) 15 June, 1215

b) 18 June, 1815

c) 25 October, 1854

d) 6 June, 1944

e) 22 November, 1963

f) 21 July, 1969

7. Answer the following questions on the history of London.

a) What traditionally was sold at Billingsgate Market?

b) What was the name of the coffee house started in the late 1680s, which became a meeting place for sailors, merchants and insurance brokers?

c) ‘Is it not strange to think that they who ought to be considered as the most learned and civilised people in the world, that they should carry on a traffic of the most barbarous cruelty and injustice.’   What ‘traffic’ was the author of these words in 1787 referring to?

d) Vauxhall, Waterloo and Southwark were the names given to what similar constructions, by John Rennie, between 1810 and 1820?

e) What was the Great Stink of 1858?

8. For what were the following famous?

a) Cassivellaunus

b) Thomas Becket

c) Geoffrey Chaucer

d) John Cabot

e) William Kidd

f) Abraham Darby III

g) Matthew Boulton

h) Edward Jenner

i) Sir Humphrey Davy

j) Michael Faraday

k) Sir Walter Scott

l) Lord Palmerston

m) Alexander Bell

n) Edith Cavell

o) Amy Johnson

p) ‘Bomber’ Harris

q) Margaret Thatcher

9. Answer the following questions on Britain’s economic and industrial history.

a) Which part of Britain was the most important centre for tin mining?

b) What was founded in 1694 to lend money to the English government?

c) What was Britain’s main industry and primary export before 1800 and was based in East Anglia, the West Country and parts of Yorkshire?

d) What form of transport had a network of over 2000 miles by 1830, but became uneconomic with the arrival of railways?

e) Which English city was the centre of the cotton industry in the 19th century?

f) What was designed by Brunel and was the largest vessel afloat when launched in 1843?

g) What structure, completed in 1890, was the world’s first major steel bridge?

h) What natural resource was found under the North Sea from the 1960s onwards?

10. Answer the following questions.

a) Which is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still largely intact?

b) What is the modern name for the Roman town of Verulamium?

c) Who was the first Archbishop of Canterbury?

d) What was founded by St Columba in the 6th century, became a centre of Christian learning, before being destroyed by the Vikings in the 9th century?

e) Who was adopted as the patron saint of England and is commemorated each year on 23 April?

f) Which community was massacred in York in 1170, expelled from England by Edward I and allowed to return by Oliver Cromwell in 1656?

g) The first known British reference to this game was in 1457 when the Scottish Parliament regretted its popularity, along with football, because it distracted young men from archery practice.   What game was it?

h) Complete the following rhyme about the wives of Henry VIII:  divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded …

i) Which was the last of the original thirteen colonies in America to be founded, named for the British king who granted its charter in 1732?

j) What has been seen by astronomers since at least 240 B.C., was recorded on the Bayeaux Tapestry and named after an 18th century British scientist?

k) Which early 19th century British poet was once famously described as ‘mad, bad and dangerous to know’?

l) For wearing what was James Hetherington arrested in London in 1797 and charged with ‘wearing a tall structure of shining lustre and calculated to disturb timid people’?

m) What was sold to the British government in 1816 by Lord Elgin, placed in the British Museum and is now wanted back by Greece?

n) What was the secret World War Two project known as Operation Pluto?

o) What type of history is genealogy?

2010   Paper 1

The Townsend-Warner
Preparatory Schools History Prize

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