Paper 1


1. Time allowed: one hour

2. Write your answers briefly and clearly ON THE QUESTION SHEET in the space provided.

3. Put in dates where you can, even if they are only approximate.

4. The papers and invigilation certificate should be sent by the first available post to: A.H.M. Thompson, Esq., 1 Mount Pleasant, London Road, Harrow on the Hill, Middlesex, HA1 3LT

1.   Answer these questions about rulers of England and Britain.

a)   Which English king signed Magna Carta?

b)   Which thirteenth century English king was nicknamed ‘Longshanks’?

c)   Who was the Black Prince?

d)   Which member of the Tudor family was England’s first crowned queen?

e)   Which Stuart king wrote A Counterblast to Tobacco?

f)   Which royal house followed the Stuarts as rulers of Britain?

g)  Who was Queen Victoria’s husband?

h)  Which king abdicated in 1936?

2.   Answer these questions on Roman Britain.

a)   Who led the first invasions in 55 and 54 BC?

b)   What is the modern name of the Roman town of Verulamium?

c)   What was the name of the tribe led by Boudicca in her rebellion?

d)   What was the name of the Roman road linking Londinium with Eboracum (modern York)?

e)   What supposedly happened to the Roman Ninth Legion?

f)   What was the name of the wall built north of Hadrian’s Wall and held by the Romans for twenty years or so?

3.   Answer the following questions.

a)   What were the Cinque Ports?

b)   Who was known as ‘the Maid of Orléans’ and is now one of the patron saints of France?

c)   What took place in England between 1536 and 1541 and was the greatest enforced transfer of property since the Norman Conquest?

d)   A hundred years ago, who was the first British explorer to reach the South Pole?

e)   Which ship sank on her maiden voyage in 1912, killing over 1500 people?

f)   Which European body was set up in 1957 and joined by Britain in 1973?

g)   The Commonwealth of Nations is a world-wide organisation of over 50 states,

but what, historically, do nearly all these states have in common?

4.   Answer these questions on British Prime Ministers.

a)   Who was only 24 years old, when appointed in 1783?

b)   For what is Spencer Percival best remembered today?

c)   Which future Prime Minister created a modern police force for London in the 1820s?

d)   Who had the nickname of ‘the Welsh wizard’?

e)   Who was Prime Minister at the start of World War Two and remembered for his attempt to negotiate with Hitler?

5.   Explain, briefly, the significance of the following:

a)   Sutton Hoo

b)   Book of Kells

c)   Danelaw

d)   Witan

e)   Scutage

f)   Ridge and furrow

g)   Tithe

6.   With what artistic activity do you associate the following?   Be as precise as you can.

a)   Archimedes

b)   Virgil

c)   Geoffrey Chaucer

d)   Michelangelo

e)   Sir Christopher Wren

f)   Ludwig van Beethoven

g)   Pablo Picasso

h)   Henry Moore

7.   Answer the following:

a)   Name one of the two sides in the Peloponnesian War of the fifth century BC.

b)   What is the popular name for perhaps the oldest street in Edinburgh, which connects Holyrood House with Edinburgh Castle?

c)   Fought in 1461, between Lancastrians and Yorkists, a recent book has called it ‘England’s most brutal battle’.   What is its name?

d)   Lady Anne Hyde was the first wife of the future James II.   Name one of her daughters who later became Queen.

e)   What happens every evening at the Menin Gate, in Ypres?

8.   What is the significance of the following dates in world history?

a)   410

b)   1453

c)   1492

d)   1789

e)   1815

f)   1945

9.   With what invention, discovery, or achievement do we remember the following?

a)   William Harvey

b)   Jethro Tull

c)   James Watt

d)   Thomas Telford

e)   James Simpson

f)   John Logie Baird

g)   James Watson and Francis Crick

10.   What do you associate with the following individuals?

a)   Wat Tyler

b)   Thomas Wyatt the Younger

c)   John Knox

d)   Hugh O’Neil

e)   Samuel Pepys

f)   William Penn

g)   Joseph Paxton

h)   Charles Rolls

i)   Sylvia Pankhurst

j)   Patrick Pearse

k)   Kim Philby

11.   What do you associate with the following?

a)   The Silk Road

b)   Kenilworth Castle

c)   Marston Moor

d)   Bloody Assizes

e)   Darien Scheme

f)   Fort Sumter

g)   Dreadnought

h)   Arctic Convoys

i)   El Alamein

j)   Operation Rolling Thunder

12.   Identify the following individuals:

a)   Who was the heroic outlaw in English legend, who was known for ‘robbing the rich to give to the poor’?

b)   Which Englishman sailed round the world between 1577 and 1586?

c)   Who was executed at Fotheringhay Castle in 1587?

d)   Who was the woman associated with the reform of eighteenth century prisons?

e)   Who, in the nineteenth century, searched for the sources of the River Nile and at the same time was a famous missionary in central Africa?

f)   Who flew for the RAF in World War II, despite the earlier loss of both his legs?

13.   Explain the link between each of the following:

a)   Conwy, Beaumaris, Caernarfon

b)   John Balliol, John Comyn, Robert Bruce

c)   Crécy, Poitiers, Agincourt

d)   Lambert Simnel, Perkin Warbeck, Edmund de la Pole

e)   Bartolomeu Dias, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan

f)   Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, Katherine Parr

g)   John Adams, James Madison, James Monroe

h)   Osborne House, Sandringham, Balmoral

i)   Winston Churchill, Dardanelles, Suvla Bay

14.   Historical Quotations: who made, or supposedly made these comments:

a)   Will no one rid me of this turbulent priest?

b)   I know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman, but I have the heart and stomach of a king.

c)   England expects that every man will do his duty.

d)   A house divided against itself cannot stand.   I believe this government cannot endure permanently, half slave and half free.

e)   I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.

2012   Paper 1

The Townsend-Warner
Preparatory Schools History Prize

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